Dan’s Fun DC Facts


What’s wrong with the Washington Monument?

Have you noticed that the Washington Monument is two different colors of white? That’s because of Congress! The initial tranche of money allocated to construction ran out, and it took 20 years to get any new money allocated. By the time they got back to work, the quarry that generated the marble had been tapped out, so they got the rest of the marble from a different quarry. When it was finished it looked great…but then the two marbles weathered differently. So, as with anything annoying about DC, blame Congress!

Why is the Washington Monument two different colors?

“The Swamp”??

A Swamp

Image by Kyle Glenn on Unsplash

Not a Swamp

Image by Kotaro Yamauchi on Unsplash

“DC was built on a swamp.”
“The mosquitos are everywhere.”
“The Washington Monument is sinking.”
“Swamp swamp swampy swamp swamp!”

Well, it’s true that mosquitos suck (pun intended) and that the Washington Monument is sinking (2.2 inches since 1901, and sort-of 10 inches shorter than the brochures, since we measure buildings differently now than in the mid-1800s). When you come to Nerve DC, you can measure it yourself! But it’s not actually true that DC is or ever was a swamp.

When the city was built, only 2% of the original city (the area south of Florida Avenue, which is a fraction of the size of the current city) fit the definition of a swamp – 100 acres out of the current 41,000 acres were swampland. By contrast, both Chicago and New Orleans were actually built in swamps.

Anyway, what’s wrong with swamps? They clean water, are natural flood protectors, they have immense amounts of wildlife, and they’re great at carbon sequestration. Go hug your nearest swamp!

“Did the Washington monument really shrink? Scientists say not really” from The Guardian
“No, D.C. isn’t really built on a swamp” from The Washington Post
Six Reasons Why You Should Like Swamps


DC is shaped weirdly!


The DC that was

The DC that is

Image by David from Flickr

When the District of Columbia was born via a law in 1790, it was a square 10 miles on a side. So easy, right? 100 square miles!Most of the land came from Maryland, the rest from Virginia. Washington, Georgetown, Anacostia, and other “cities” were part of DC on the Maryland side, with the entire area called Washington County. On the Virginia side was Alexandria in Alexandria County, DC.

There has always been discomfort with the lack of representation of the residents of the area, so discussion of retrocession, where the two states would get their parts of the District back, were ongoing from 1801 on. However, it took 43 years before Virginia got their part back.

There were numerous reasons retrocession finally passed Congress, but significant among them was that Alexandria was a major port for the slave trade in Virginia, and the end of the slave trade in DC (which did happen in 1850) would have harmed Virginia’s economy.

Unlike Virginia’s residents, Maryland’s residents never seriously petitioned to have the District returned to Maryland, and DC residents have not recently wanted to be part of Maryland.

So DC is a weird shape, but discussion of DC’s lack of representation apparently never ends. Look for the canonical “Taxation Without Representation” on our license plates!

District of Columbia retrocession (Wikipedia)
“The Slave Trade and Alexandria’s Withdrawal From D.C.” from The Washington Post